William Harder Cole Papers
Scope and Content Note
The records in this collection date from 1910 to 1967 and are divided into three series: Personal Files, Science and Research, and Projects. Correspondence, drafts of speeches and articles, and reprints of published materials constitute the majority of the content. Within each series, files are arranged from general to specific, and in some cases, chronologically or alphabetically. Within each file, documents are arranged chronologically.
Although there is some material on his time at other colleges, such as Hamilton and Lake Forest, there is little or no material from his days at Harvard, Penn State and Clark. Of the numerous research facilities Cole worked at, there is specific material only relating to the Office of Scientific Research and Development (Columbia), and affiliations with Rutgers. Material on Mt. Desert, Woods Hole, Cold Spring Harbor, etc. is not included in this collection. There is also little information relating to Cole's involvement in the Rutgers Research Council despite the significance of his work. One file documents his retirement from the Council. Worth noting is the "Report of Root Fellowship," (Box 2, Folder 4) which documents his indebtedness to financial aid for scholars and explains his dedication to helping students and promoting research opportunities throughout his career.
Cole put together two notebooks of reprints of his published articles, entitled "Papers By William H. Cole, Vol. I" and "Vol. II." The documents were filed in acid free folders, retaining the original order. There is some minor water damage in Volume I and acidification of some papers in Volume II from decaying scotch tape. An index (written by Cole) is included for each of the volumes. Due to lack of space, Series 2 is split between Box 1 and 2. Cole's notebook materials are in Box 2.
0.8 Cubic Feet (2 manuscript boxes)
Language of Materials
William Cole served as a distinguished professor of physiology and biochemistry at Rutgers University from 1928 to 1959. His papers include correspondence, drafts of speeches and articles, reprints of published materials, and other research files that document his scientific career.
William Harder Cole, a science educator, was born June 23,1892 in Cayuga, New York. He married Florence Augusta Hanagan in 1918; had no children. He died on February 6, 1967. He graduated from Ballston Spa High School in 1910 and received a B.A. from Hamilton College in 1914. A year was spent studying at Bonn University, Germany, in 1914. He next obtained an M.A. in 1916 and his Ph.D. in 1921 at Harvard University.
Cole's teaching experience included positions of instructor of zoology at Penn State, 1916-20; Austin teaching fellow at Harvard, 1920-21; professor of biology at Lake Forest College, 1921-24; professor of biology at Clark University, 1924-Jan. 1928; and professor of physiology and biochemistry at Rutgers University, 1928-59. Other positions held at Rutgers were Assistant Dean of Arts and Sciences in 1943 and Chairman of the Department of Physiology and Biochemistry in 1953.
Research activities included trustee of the Mt. Desert Island Biological Lab, 1931-52; director of same, 1931-40; investigator at Bermuda Biological Lab, 1915; Woods Hole, 1925; Pacific Grove, 1929; Cold Spring Harbor, 1930, (director, 1930-52); California Institute of Technology, 1937; Office of Scientific Research and Development at Columbia University, 1942-43. Cole's research work focused on skin transplantation, animal behavior, chemical stimulation, composition of invertebrate bloods, gravity and hemorrhagic shock, and protein metabolism. He served in the Army, Sgt., 1st Class, in the Sanitary Corps from 1917-19 and helped develop a typhoid vaccine.
One of Cole's greatest achievements was his involvement with the Rutgers Research Council. He played an integral role in its development and was the first director, serving from 1944 to 1959. He helped expand research opportunites, especially beyond the sciences to include to other colleges and departments in the humanities.
Cole was involved with numerous science and civic organizations, professional and honorary societies. (For a complete list, see folder "Biographical Data." He was also chairman of the Demarest Motion Picture committee 1949-51 which was set up tosupport the filming of a documentary on William H.S. Demarest, president of Rutgers from 1906 to 1924.
After retiring from Rutgers in 1959, William Cole remained quite active. In 1962, he dedicated the Nelson Biological Labs at Rutgers. In 1966, he was involved in attempting to preserve two historical buildings in the New Brunswick area. From 1965 up to his death in 1967, Cole was involved in a project with Beatrice and Milt Harris of Florida on seashells It began as a display project for the library and schools of Naples, Florida and evolved into the publication of a booklet, Some Marine Molluscs From the Central West Coast of Florida.
Cole published close to one hundred articles in professional journals, magazines and newspapers. He was honored with a portrait at a testimonial dinner in 1958, and made Emeritus Professor at Rutgers in 1959.
The records in this collection are from 1910 to 1967 and are divided into three series: Personal Files, Science and Research, and Projects. Correspondence, drafts of speeches and articles, and reprints of published materials constitute the majority of the content. Within each series, files are arranged from general to specific, and in some cases, chronologically or alphabetically. Within each file, documents are arranged chronologically.
- Animal experimentation.
- Associations, institutions, etc.
- College publications.
- Creative writing.
- Education, Higher--Research.
- Greek letter societies.
- Historic buildings.
- Historic preservation.
- Military research.
- Research grants.
- Research institutes.
- Science publishing.
- Scientific literature.
- Scientists in government.
- Serial publications.
- Universities and colleges--Alumni and alumnae.
- Universities and colleges--United States--Buildings.
- Universities and colleges--United States--Faculty.
- World War, 1939-1945.
- Guide to the William Harder Cole Papers, 1910-1967 R-MC 009
- Edited Full Draft
- Karen Kilpatrick
- April 1992
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English
- June 3, 2004: cole converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
Part of the Rutgers University Archives Repository
Rutgers University Libraries
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