Skip to main content
Identifier: RG 09/A1/02

Rutgers University Office of the Secretary (Carl Raymond Woodward) Records


  • 1928-1943

Scope and Content Note

The records of the Secretary of the University span the years 1928-1943. Consisting mainly of documents that were created during Carl Woodward's tenure as Secretary, they document the responsibilities of the office. A few items predate 1928 and the documents from the latter part of 1941-1943 became part of the collection during Ernest McMahon term as Acting Secretary and when J. Harold Johnston was named as Woodward's permanent replacement.

The Subject Files document a variety of issues and provide a glimpse as to what the Secretary of the University was responsible for. Focused on the faculty and related issues, (insurance, pension plans), National Defense policies, Alumni activities, enrollment statistics, and appropriations for the University, the documents also illustrate a continual relationship between the Office of the Secretary and political leaders in the State of New Jersey.

Documentation consists of a variety of materials related to Rutgers, the faculty, students, Alumni, national defense and relations with the state of New Jersey and the leading politicians of the era. Statistical information on enrollment, faculty status and appropriations to the school are included for a number of years. Correspondence with a variety of political figures is included as are items pertaining to legislation that would impact Rutgers. Information on personnel in various departments and the individual colleges within Rutgers can be found as well. Minutes of various meetings are included in the records, as are a number of policy outlines relevant to the staff and students at Rutgers.

Since the Secretary of the University had broad oversight of both the internal and external functioning of the University, these files cover a variety of miscellaneous issues in addition to the more specific areas of academic and budget development, relations with alumni, trustees and the state and federal governments. While the bulk of the material spans the years 1936-1943, there is some scattered material dated 1928-1936 and even some material before 1928. Much of the material prior to 1936 consists of routine correspondence and charts compiling various statistics for the University, state and federal governments, including distribution of enrollment, budget and state and federal appropriations to Rutgers University.

Whenever possible, the provenance of the collection was maintained. In instances where the provenance was not maintained for these two boxes, the changes made were documented with the folder description. Documents in each folder were arranged chronologically with the oldest document beginning each folder. The exceptions to this arrangement, since it went against the original reverse-chronological arrangement in each folder, were that materials bound together were not unbound and rearranged, and materials that appeared to belong together, even if not bound together or in strict chronological order, were not separated. All metal paper clips were removed and replaced with plastic paper clips, once again maintaining their original arrangements.

he descriptions in the Container list highlight some of the contents of each folder, usually indicated by the word "includes." While these descriptions are meant to be helpful in identifying the folders' contents, the descriptions are not inclusive, and are not intended to mislead the researcher into assuming there may not be other related material of interest in a particular folder. Some folders did indeed contain only one or two items and in these cases, the contents were fully listed as indicated by the words, "one letter…," "two reports…," etc. Cross-references were added to folder descriptions when appropriate to preserve the original provenance rather than attempting to reorganize the entire collection.


7.4 Cubic Feet (18 manuscript boxes)

Language of Materials



Administrative records maintained in the Office of the Secretary of Rutgers University during the tenure of Dr. Carl R. Woodward. The records, which consist of alphabetical subject files, document the University throughout the depression and the preceding and early years of World War II. Woodward maintained a close relationship with Robert C. Clothier, who served as president of Rutgers during this period.

Administrative History of the Rutgers University Office of the Secretary and Biographical Sketch of Carl R. Woodward

As Secretary of Rutgers University under President Robert C. Clothier, Dr. Carl Raymond Woodward worked closely with the President, serving as Deputy President. Responsibilities of the Secretary of the University were numerous and wide-ranging. Dr. Woodward had broad responsibility for both the academic development and budget of the University as well as maintaining the University's relationship with internal and external constituencies. The internal constituents included the faculty, the alumni, the students as well as the various departments and colleges. External constituents were comprised mainly of the general public, the New Jersey State Government and the Federal government. Of particular interest during this period is Rutgers University's relation with the state and federal governments and its status as a land-grant college. The University administration was faced with the recurring issue of whether to undertake increasing University endowments thus allowing Rutgers to become a completely private institution, or bow to increasing pressure from the public, state and federal governments to become a state university, or to maintain its admittedly precarious positions as a semi-private, semi-public university. There was much controversy over the amount of money appropriated to Rutgers from the state and federal governments and debate over whether these appropriations were made to Rutgers at the expense of other necessary services and institutions such as the public school systems. There was also much discussion of the establishment of a state university other than Rutgers University. While this debate had been ongoing, this seems to be the time when Rutgers was faced with the reality of finally having to respond to public and government pressure. While we are aware of the outcome of this issue, this period of time during Dr. Woodward's tenure and his shepherding of the process offer some history on the origins of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, as we know it today. Towards the end of Dr. Woodward's tenure in 1941, the University celebrated its 175th Anniversary and as Secretary of the University, Dr. Woodward was also very involved in both the anniversary and the attendant fundraising campaign.

Biographical Sketch of Carl R. Woodward

Dr. Carl Raymond Woodward was born July 20, 1890, in Tennent, New Jersey. He attended Freehold High School in New Jersey, graduating in 1906. For the next two years, Dr. Woodward worked on his father's farm. From 1908 until 1910, he taught in a one-room rural school in Monmouth County, New Jersey, entering Rutgers University in 1910 where he graduated with the Class of 1914. During his undergraduate years at Rutgers University, he was active in a variety of University organizations, including the Targum Association for which he served as President, a post he also held with the Philoclean Literary Society. He was also vice-president of the Biological Club, secretary of the Y. M. C. A. Glee Club and a member of the following organizations: the Self-Government Board; the Debate Committee; the Debating Team; the Junior Prom Committee; class track and Sophomore Orator. In his senior year, he was chairman of the Senior Memorial Committee. The then Mr. Woodward was the recipient of various prizes during his four years at Rutgers including the Suydam Prize in Natural Science and the John Parker Winner Memorial Prize in Mental Science. He was also a member of numerous honorary and fraternal societies including Phi Beta Kappa (general scholarship), Phi Delta Kappa (education), Phi Kappa Phi (general scholarship), Alpha Zeta (agriculture), Phi Gamma Delta (social), and Phi Alpha Theta (history).

Dr. Woodward left Rutgers in 1914 after graduating and taught physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics in Madison High School, New Jersey. He then returned to Rutgers in 1915 where he was to remain for the next 26 years in a variety of positions of steadily increasing responsibility. Within this 26 years, he married Miss Lulu A. Ryno on April 15, 1916, and together they had three children, Carl Raymond, Jr., Mildred W., and William V. Also, during this time he earned his Masters degree in 1919 from Rutgers and his Ph. D. in 1926 from Cornell University. From 1915-1916, he was Editor and Librarian of the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station and College of Agriculture. From 1916-1927, he was Editor and Secretary of the same in addition to editing other scientific literature and serving as an assistant editor of Soil Science in which capacity he collaborated with Dr. Selman Waksman, who discovered streptomycin. During this time he also collaborated with other scientists and wrote numerous articles concerning scientific developments. For six years during this period, 1920-1926, he was an Instructor in English, then promoted in 1926 to Assistant Professor of English. After serving as an Assistant Professor for one year, he left both this position and his position as Editor and Secretary and became involved with Public Relations work and Trustee relations for one year. Then in 1928, he was named Assistant to the President, by President John Martin Thomas, a position he also held under Acting President Philip M. Brett, 1930-1931, after President Thomas resigned in 1930, and under President Robert C. Clothier, 1932 to 1936. During these eight years, he also served as Director of Education Research at Rutgers, 1930-1932. In 1936, President Clothier appointed Dr. Woodward Secretary of Rutgers University, a post he held until 1941.

In 1941, Carl Woodward assumed the presidency of the University of Rhode Island where he remained until July of 1958, at which time he assumed the title of President Emeritus of the University of Rhode Island. During his tenure at the University of Rhode Island, he was the recipient of nine honorary degrees from, among others, Rutgers University, Boston University, Brown University and Northeastern University. During his entire career, Dr. Woodward received numerous awards, published several articles and books, belonged to several professional organizations, church and civic societies, and in addition, was a consultant to the Industrial Research and Development Division, U. S. Department of Commerce, and served on the Board of Trustees of Bryant College.

Dr. Carl R. Woodward died October 2, 1974, at the age of 84.

Arrangement Note

The records for the Office of the Secretary to the University have been processed as Subject Files. The material was found in folders, all of which were labeled. All of the documents were re-foldered and most original labels were retained. There were numerous duplicate copies of University documents, for each of which one duplicate was retained and the rest discarded. All other materials were retained.

Related Materials

Transcription of a taped interview with Dr. Woodward's son, Carl R. Woodward, Jr., which is part of the Rutgers Oral History Archives of World War II Collection. See: Interview with Carl R. Woodward, Jr.

For a history of Rutgers' presidents, with three of whom Dr. Woodward worked closely: John Martin Thomas, Phillip M. Brett, and Robert C. Clothier see: "Past Presidents"

Additional biographical material can be found in Who's Who in America, vol. 30, and Presidents of American Colleges and Universities, vol. 2.

Inventory to the Records of the Rutgers University Office of the Secretary (Carl Raymond Woodward), 1928-1943 RG 09/A1/02
Edited Full Draft
Elizabeth Herron and Nancy Warnock-Weiner
May 2002
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Revision Statements

  • June 3, 2004: woodward converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02.xsl (sy2003-10-15).

Part of the Rutgers University Archives Repository

Rutgers University Libraries
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
169 College Avenue
New Brunswick NJ 08901-1163
732-932-7012 (Fax)